Warning Signs of Diabetes in Dogs and Cats
By Pierre Mouchette | Bits-n-Pieces
In healthy mammals, glucose (blood sugar) is a simple sugar that provides the primary energy source. When there is too much glucose in the bloodstream (hyperglycemia) or too little (hypoglycemia), the organism can experience dangerous health effects. To prevent that, it is insulin's job to regulate those blood sugar levels.
But when insulin does not work right, glucose levels can get out of control and lead to diabetes. Like humans, dogs and cats can get one of two types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is when the pancreas does not create insulin, and type 2 diabetes is when the body no longer uses insulin properly (a state known as insulin resistance). In both of these instances, the insulin problem allows blood glucose levels to increase to unhealthy levels. However, the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes in dogs and cats is not as straightforward as in humans.
Your pet cannot tell you what they are feeling, so it is up to you to spot the signs of diabetes. If your pet develops diabetes, you might notice the following symptoms, according to the American Veterinary Medical Foundation:
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