The most feared but common tick-borne disease is ‘Lyme disease,’ which is transmitted by ticks so small that they cannot be seen by the naked eye. When this happens, the diagnosis is more difficult to perform. Once a tick of this type bites, it produces a circular red rash that neither itches nor hurts. But it is spreading and generates fatigue, intense headaches, swollen lymph nodes, muscular facial and neurological problems. This disease can occur more than once in the same patient.
This pathology is an infection that greatly weakens but is not fatal. However, if not diagnosed and treated properly, it can develop problems such as
The bacterium Francisella tularensis is the cause of turalemia, a bacterial infection transmitted by tick bites and by mosquitoes and the borriquera fly. The animals most affected by this tick transmitted disease are rodents, but humans can also become infected. The goal of treatment is to cure the infection with antibiotics.
Around 5 to 10 days, the following symptoms will appear:
This disease is spread through tick bites infected by three different bacteria: Ehrlichia chaffeensis , Ehrlichia ewingii and Anaplasma. The problem with this disease is that it is more common in children because symptoms usually begin 5 to 10 days after the sting, and if the case becomes severe it can cause severe brain damage. For both pets and humans, part of the treatment is the administration of antibiotics among other medications for a period of at least 6-8 weeks.
Some of the symptoms are like influenza: loss of appetite, fever, muscle and joint pain, headache, chills, anemia, low white blood cells (leucopenia), hepatitis, stomach pain, severe cough and in some, cases of rash.
Paralysis by Tick
Yes! Ticks are so powerful that they can even cause loss of muscle function. When they attach to the skin of people and animals (in most cases dogs), they release a poison that causes paralysis, and it is during this process of subtraction of blood that the toxin penetrates the bloodstream.
Paralysis starts from the feet and goes up all over the body. In addition, in most cases, it produces flu-like symptoms such as: muscle pain and exhaustion and shortness of breath. Intensive care, nursing support and insecticide baths will be needed as a treatment. Dogs are mostly affected by paralysis from a tick bite; however, cats may also suffer from it.
Anaplasmosis (human granulocytic ehrlichiosis)
Anaplasmosis is another disease that ticks can transmit. It is produced by an intracellular bacterium transmitted to humans by the bite of three species of ticks (deer: Ixodes scapularis, Ixodes pacificus and Dermacentor variabilis). In some cases, it causes gastrointestinal disturbances and, in other cases it affects white blood cells. Elderly people who have a weak immune system are more sensitive and develop serious life-threatening symptoms, in which case immediate treatment with antibiotics is necessary.
Diagnosis of the disease is difficult because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms, as they occur suddenly 7 to 14 days after the bite. Most are headaches, fever, chills, myalgia and malaise that can be confused with other infectious or non-infectious diseases and viruses.